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Subsistence in Papua New Guinea

The Southern and Western Highlands

The materials presented here are a modified version of text that appeared in 2002 in Part II. Gardening: Comparisons from Three Highlands Areas (Duna, Pangia, and Hagen). In, Horticulture in Papua New Guinea: Case Studies from the Southern and Western Highlands. (Sillitoe, Stewart, and Strathern), Ethnology Monographs, No. 18, University of Pittsburgh, pp. 199-338.

The following links discuss gardening practices in three areas in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea:

Map of Major Groups in Papua New Guinea

Map of Locations of Major Groups in Papua New Guinea

(from the Strathern/Stewart Archive)


Barnes, J. A. 1962. African Models in the New Guinea Highlands. Man 62:5-9.

Brown, P. 1978. Highland Peoples of New Guinea. Cambridge.

Brutti, L. 1997. Waiting for God. Ecocosmological Transformations among the Oksapmin. Millennial Markers, eds. P. J. Stewart and A. Strathern, pp. 87-131. Townsville.
––––   2000. Afek's Last Son: Integrating Change in a Papua New Guinean Cosmology. Millennial Countdown in New Guinea, eds, P. J. Stewart and A. Strathern. Special Issue of Ethnohistory 47(1):101-11.

Feil, D. K. 1987. The Evolution of Papua New Guinea Highlands Societies. Cambridge.

Foley, W. A. 2000. The Languages of New Guinea. Annual Review of Anthropology 29:357-404.

Frankel, S. J. 1986. The Huli Response to Illness. Cambridge.

Glasse, R. M. 1968. Huli of Papua: A Cognatic Descent System. The Hague.

Goldman, L. R. 1983. Talk Never Dies: The Language of Huli Disputes. London.

Golson, J. 1982. The Ipomoean Revolution Revisited: Society and the Sweet Potato in the Upper Wahgi Valley. Inequality in New Guinea Highlands Societies, ed. A. Strathern, pp. 109-36. Cambridge.

Jorgensen, D. 1981. Life on the Fringe: History and Society in Telefolmin. The Plight of Peripheral People in Papua New Guinea, ed. R. Gordon, pp. 59-79. Canberra.

Josephides, L. 1985. The Production of Inequality: Gender and Exchange among the Kewa. London.
Marecek, T. M. 1979. Social Relationships in a Papua New Guinea Community. Ph.D. dissertation, Arizona State University. Tempe.

Matthews, P. 1995. Aroids and the Ausaonesians. Tropics 4(2):105-26.

Meggitt, M. J. 1965. The Lineage System of the Mae Enga of New Guinea. Edinburgh.

Merlan, F., and A. Rumsey. 1990. Ku Waru: Language and Segmentary Politics in the Western Nebilyer Valley, Papua New Guinea. Cambridge.

Modjeska, C. N. 1977. Production among the Duna. Ph.D thesis, Australian National University. Canberra.
––––   1982. Production and Inequality. Inequality in New Guinea Highlands Societies, ed. A. J. Strathern, pp. 50-108. Cambridge.
––––   1991. Post-Ipomoean Modernism: The Duna Example. Big Men and
Great Men: Personifications of Power in Melanesia, eds. M. Godelier and M.         Strathern, pp. 234-55. Cambridge.
––––   1995. Rethinking Women's Exploitation: The Duna Case and the Material Basis     of Big Man Systems. Papuan Borderlands: Huli, Duna, and Ipili Perspectives on   the New Guinea Highlands, ed. A. Biersack, pp. 265-86. Ann Arbor.

Seddon, S. B. 1985. Women and Change. Paper presented at the conference "Pangia: Development and Change," September 30-October 4. Takuru, Pangia.

Sillitoe, P. 1983. Roots of the Earth. Crops in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Manchester.
––––  1994. The Bogaia of the Muller Range, Papua New Guinea. Land Use, Agriculture, and Society of a Vulnerable Population. Sydney.

Sorenson, E. R. 1976. The Edge of the Forest: Land, Childhood and Change in a New Guinea Protoagricultural Society. Washington DC.

Steadman, L. B. 1971. Neighbours and Killers: Residence and Dominance among the Hewa of New Guinea. Ph.D. dissertation, Australia National University. Canberra.

Steensberg, A. 1980. New Guinea Gardens: A Study of Husbandry with Parallels in Prehistoric Europe. London.

Stewart, P. J., and A. Strathern. 1999. Female Spirit Cults as a Window on Gender Relations in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 5(3):345-60.
––––   2000a. Naming Places: Duna Evocations of Landscape in Papua New Guinea. People and Culture in Oceania 16:1-21.
––––   2000b. Speaking for Life and Death: Warfare and Compensation among the Duna of Papua New Guinea. Senri Ethnological Reports No. 13. Osaka.
––––   (eds.) 2000c. Identity Work: Constructing Pacific Lives. ASAO (Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania) Monograph Series No. 18. Pittsburgh.
––––   2001a. Humors and Substances: Ideas of the Body in New Guinea. Westport.
––––   2001b. Origins versus Creative Powers: The Interplay of Movement and Fixity. Emplaced Myths: Space, Narrative, and Knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Guinea Societies, eds. A. Rumsey and J.

Weiner, pp. 79-98. Honolulu.
––––   2002. Remaking the World. Washington DC.
––––   n.d. Colonial Compressions: Pangia, Papua New Guinea. (Book manuscript in preparation.)

Strathern, A. 1971. The Rope of Moka. Big-Men and Ceremonial Exchange in Mount Hagen. Cambridge.
––––   1972. One Father, One Blood: Descent and Group Structure among the Melpa       People. Canberra.
––––   1974. Melpa Land Tenure: Rules and Processes. Land Tenure in Oceania, ed. H.    Lundsgaarde, pp. 18-39. Honolulu.
––––   1984. A Line of Power. London.
Strathern, A., and P. J. Stewart (eds.).1998. Kuk Heritage: Issues and Debates in Papua New Guinea. Pittsburgh.
––––   1999a. "The Spirit is Coming!" A Photographic-Textual Exposition of the Female Spirit Cult Performance in Mt. Hagen. Ritual Studies Monograph Series, No. 1. Pittsburgh.
––––   1999b. Curing and Healing. Medical Anthropology in Global Perspective. Durham NC.
––––   1999c. Outside and Inside Meanings: Non-Verbal and Verbal Modalities of Agonistic Communication among the Wiru of Papua New Guinea. Man and Culture in Oceania 15:1-22.
––––   2000a. The Python's Back. Pathways of Comparison between Indonesia and Melanesia. Westport.
––––   2000b. Arrow Talk: Transaction, Transition, and Contradiction in New Guinea Highlands History. Kent OH.
––––   2000c. Collaborations and Conflicts. A Leader through Time. Fort Worth.
––––   2000d. Stories, Strength and Self-Narration: Western Highlands, Papua New Guinea. Adelaide, Australia.
––––   2000e. Kinship and Commoditization: Historical Transformations. Special Issue of L'Homme (Question de Parenté) 154/155:373-90.
––––   2000f. Creating Difference: A Contemporary Affiliation Drama in the Highlands of New Guinea. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 6(1):1-15.

Waddell, E. 1972. The Mound Builders: Agricultural Practices, Environment, and Society in the Central Highlands of New Guinea. Seattle.

Wurm, S. A. 1964. Australian New Guinea Highlands Languages and the Distribution of Their Typological Features. American Anthropologist 66(4) no 2:77-97.

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